American Journal of Chemistry

American Journal of Chemistry is a peer-reviewed chemistry journal. It is aimed to publish all the latest and outstanding research articles, reviews and letters in all areas of Chemistry.

Sadek Khalifa Shakshooki

Editorial Board Member of American Journal of Chemistry

Professor, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tripoli University, Libya

Research Areas

Inorganic Chemistry. Inorganic–organic polymers nanocomposite membranes, Preparation of new nanomaterials, Inorganic membrane-membrane composites of tetravalent metal phosphates, Pillared compounds, Metal complexes. Ionic conductance , Intercalation, Preparation of novel inorganic ion-exchangers of tetravalent metal phosphates (TVMP), Studies on Vanadyl phosphates. Novel methods for polymerization of monomers Indole , Benzimidazole, Aniline, Pyrrole, Carbazole, Imidazole, their co-monomers (and others), using tetravalent metal phosphates- , tetravalent metal tellurates- , metal oxides/ fibrous cerium phosphate-/ crystalline cerium phosphate nanocomposite membranes to obtain conducting organic polymers and conducting co-polymers nano composite membranes, Novel methods for synthesis novel glassy and layered tetravalent metal tellurates, layered and glassy tetravalent metal (phosphates, phosphate-phosphites).


1971Ph.D.Bristol University UK
1967Master of Science (M.Sc.)Rochester Institute of Technology(RIT ), New York, USA.
1962BSc.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science ,Libyan University, Tripoli, Libya.


1973-1975Head Department of Chemistry
1975-1978Dean College of Pharmacy (1st Dean)
1978-1979Vice Director of the University
1987-1988Dean College of Pharmacy (2nd time)

Academic Achievement

Award from Faculty of Science, Tripoli University in 2007
Two Awards from College of Pharmacy in 2002 and 2005
1)Nominated on April 1974 as organizer (supervisor) of chemistry education for levels 7-9 and secondary schools) by Prof.Foeck head of chemistry education in UNESCO, Paris.
2) Nominated for membership of New York Academy of Sciences November 1994.
3) Nominated for MAARQUIS WHO,s WHO in the world, USA. Edition (2018, 2019, 2020 & 2021), (Chosen for impressive distinction for less that 3% of world-wide in his scientific field).
4) Recent Award: (International Scientist Award- September 2021).
*Memb of Org. Comm. International Conference Memb of Org. Comm. on Applied Chemistry July on Applied Chemistry July 01-03, 2021 Munich, Germany.
Academic activities:
Teaching graduate and undergraduate courses. Supervisions:
*No. of BSc. Projects. On going to date.
*18 Graduate Thesis.
Including- On going supervision: 2 Graduate Thesis Supervision Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, SebhaUniversity, Sebha, Libya And 1 Graduate Thesis Supervision Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tripoli University, Tripoli, Libya.


Member of Libyan Chemical Society (Head of the Scientific Committee)
American J. of Chemistry, J. of NanoScience& Nanotechnology [Science Academic Publishing, USA].
J. of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering [David Publ. USA].
Appointed as Editor in Chief of Academic Journal of Chemistry, July 2016.

Publications: Journals

[1]  R. E. Gilman, J. D. Henion, S.K. Shakshooki, J. I. H. Patterson and K.T. Finley, Non-Chugaev products from the pyrolysis of S-p-bromophenacyl xanthates of primary alcohols Canadian J. of Chemistry,48 (1970)970-4.
[2]  Greco,A., M.Green S.K.Shakshooki, F.G.A.Stone Ring expansion reactions in organonickel chemistry. J.Chem.Soc. 3472-6(1970).
[3]  M.Green S.K.Shakshooki, F.G.A.Stone, Bis(tet-butyl-isocyanide)Nickel Flouorocarbon Complexes, J.Chem.Soc.2828-34(1971).
[4]  H.D.Empsil, M.Green S.K.Shakshooki, F.G.A.Stone, Bis(tet-butyl-isocyanide) Palladium and tetrakis (trimethylphosphite) Flouorocarbon Complexes, J.Chem.Soc. 20,1374-6(1971).
[5]  Preparation of New Inorganic Ionexchanger Zirconium-Titanium Phosphate, Marei, S.A., Shakshooki, S.K., Radiochem.Radioanal Lett.,11(1972)187-191.
[6]  Marei, S.A., Shakshooki, S.K.,and Aly, H.F., Change of ion xchange behaviour of zirconium phosphate due to treatment with alcohol and ether, Radiochem Radioanal Lett.,20(1975)137-142.
[7]  Shakshooki, S.K, Reactions of titanocene diphenyl with some organic acids,Libyan J.Sci., 4B(1975)41-44.
[8]  El-Sayed,M. shakshooki,S.K., Recepientview of rational technology-transfer, J.Transactios of Amer. Nucl.Soc., 25(1977)117-118.
[9]  Shakshooki,S,K. , Woods,C.S.,,Elsayed,Y.M, Mater,Y. and Abduljawagd,G., Desalted water for agro-fishish farm complex,Proc.Int.Symp.Fresh water from Sea.,6(1978)97-106.
[10]  Shakshooki,S.K.,Technology transfer in reverse osmosis, 6(1978) 377-81.
[11]  Shakshooki, S.K, Naqvi, N., Kowaleczyk, J.K., Khalil, S., Rais., M. and Tarish, F., Effect of composition of ion exchange properties of amorphous zirconium-titanium phosphates, Reactive Polymer, 7(1988)221.
[12]  Shakshooki,S.K., Azzabi,O.H., Khalil, S., Kowalczyk, J. and Naqvi, N., Crystalline mixed hafnium-titanium phosphates, Reactive Polymers, 7 (1988)191.
[13]  Shakshooki, S. K., Szirtes, L., Khalil, S., Azzabi, O., Naqvi, N., Kowalczyk, J., J. Radio. Nucl.Chem., 121 (1988) 175-184.
[14]  Szirtes, L., Poko, Z., Shakshooki, S. K., Ahmed, M., Dehair, A., Benhamed, A., J. Therm. Anal.,35(1989)895-902.
[15]  S.K. Shakshooki, A. Azrak, M. Ahmed, S. khalil and L. Szirts. J. radioanal. Nucl. Chem. , Conversion of Solid Amorphous Mixed Zirconium-Titanium Phosphates Into Crystalline Forms by Molten Oxalic Acid, J. radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 136 (1989) 133.
[16]  Shakshooki S.K., Szirtes L., Yakovlev Yu.V. , Selectivity of Mixed Zirconium-Titanium Phosphates toward Transition Metals , Journal of Radioanal. and Nuclear Chem. Letters 1451990)281-291.
[17]  Shakshooki. S. K, Preparation of pellicular hafnium phosphate PM-35-0,6th Symposium on ion exchange, Balaton lake, Hungry, September 1990.
[18]  Shakshooki S.K. , Elmismary Y., Dehair A., Szirtes L., Mixed Insoluble Acidic Salts of Tetravalent Metals, IX. Effect of Gamma-Radiation and Drying Temperature on Mixed Glassy Type Hafnium-Titanium Phosphates, Journal of Radioanal. and Nuclear Chem. Articles 158 (1992) 3-12 .
[19]  Shakshooki S.K., Khalil S.A., Abuhamaira A.S.M., Szirtes L., Pokó Z. ,Thermal Behaviour of Acidic Salts of Mixed Tetravalent Metals. IV. Thermal Decomposition of Crystalline Zirconium-titanium Phosphates Prepared Through the Fluorine Complex (HF method). Journal of Thermal Analysis 38(1992).71-1577.
[20]  Shakshooki S.K., Elmismary Y., Dehair A., Szirtes L., Pavlovszki L., Pokó Z., Thermal Behaviour of Acidic Salts of Mixed Tetravalent Metals, VI. Thermal decompositon of amorphous glassy type hafnium-titanium phosphates Thermal decompositon of amorphous glassy type hafnium-titanium phosphates , Journal of Thermal Anal., 39(1993) 817-825 .
[21]  Shakshooki, S.K., Khalil, S., Abdulhadi, M .and Idris R.H., Synthesis of Glassy Zirconium , Zirconium-Titanium Tellurates, International Conference, on Reactive Polymers, Ion-exchange Absorption, Abst,pp1-2, October 1994, China.
[22]  L.Szirtes, S.K. Shakshooki, A.M. Szeleczky, A.O. Rajeh , Thermoanalytical investigation of some layered zirconium salts and their various derivatives, J. Thermal Anal. 51(1998) 503-515.
[23]  S.K.Shakshooki, M.M.Benomran, S.Ahmed, A.K.Kamaldine and K.M.Kasim, Electrical Conduction and Dielectric Behaviour of Glassy Zirconium Phosphate, Titanium Phosphate and Mixed Zirconium-Titanium Phosphates, Conference on Basic SciencesTheoryandApplicaton,Tripoli,Libya(1989).
[24]  Shakshooki, S. K., El Hanash, H. B., El-Mehdawi, R. M., El-Mellah, M. A., Arafa, E. A., and Bejey, A. M., Uptake of some lanthanides on γ-zirconium phosphate-phosphite and its 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2-bipyridyl intercalated products. J.. of Radioanal and Nucl. Chem, 240(1999)433-434.
[25]  L.Szirtes, S.K.Shakshooki, A.M.Szelczky, and A.O.Rajeh, Thermoanalytical Investigation of Some Layered Zirconium Salts and Their Various Derivatives, J.Therm. Anal. Calorim, 51(1998)503.
[26]  S.K.Shakshooki and F.A.El-Akari Effect of H3PO4 Concentration on The Degree of Crystallinity of Pellicles of Mixed Hafnium-Titanium Phosphates., S.K.Shakshooki and F.A.El-Akari , 4th Chemistry in industry Conference & Exhibition, Gen-5 , pp 1-4, Bahrain (2000).
[27]  S.K.Shakshooki and F.A.El-Akari Thermal Behavior of 2,2`-Bipyridyl, 4,4`Bipyridyl and 1,10-Phenanthroline Products of Pellicles Mixed Zirconium- Titanium Phosphates., , 2nd International Conference of Pure Applied and Environmental Chemistry, SL-11, Irbid, Jordan(2002).
[28]  Shakshooki S.K, El-Agaili H.B, Formation of pellicles membranes of mixed zirconium-titanium phosphate via exfoliation with flouro benzene on their parent crystalline layered materials, 1stConf. on Recent Developments in Chemistry, proceedings, pp 80-95,Sebha, Libya, November 2006.
[29]  Shakshouki, S. K., El-Mehdawi, R. M., Mehabis, M. T., El-Rais, M. A., Etter, S. O. and Mokhtar, R.A., Uptake of some divalent metal ions on layered α- VOPO4.2.5H2O and its 1.10phenanthrodine,2,2-bipyridine and 4,4-bipyridine intercalated products, Jordan J. of Chem. 1(2007) 45 -52..
[30]  S. K. Shakshooki, R. S. Abudlal, and F.A. El-Akari; Synthesis and Thermal Behaviour of Pillares γ-Zirconium Phosphate, γ-Zirconium Phosphate Phosphite-, 1,10-Phenanthroline Cu(II) Materials;; 10th International Conference on Chemistry and its Role in Development ICCRD' 10; Mansoura-Sharm El-Sheikh , March 16-21, 2009.
[31]  S. K. Shakshooki, S.K, Elejmi, A.A., Khalfulla, A. M. And. Elfituri. S. S., Int. Conf. on Mater. Imperative, pp49-70 (CD). Cairo, Egypt, 29/11-2/12.2010 .
[32]  Shskshooki, S. K., Ellafi, M. M. K., and S. K.El-Mashri, Thermal behavior, FT-IR and ionic conduction of granular zirconium phosphates and mixed zirconium titanium phosphates, Sohag Bulletin for Pure and Appl. Sci., 1 (2011) 159 – 170.
[33]  S.K.Shakshooki1, Omar H. El-Azzabi1, F.A.El-Akkari1 , F. A. Tarish1, A. M. ELDernawi1 R. S. Tunisi , A. S. Benhamed and O. H. BurshanPoly(vinyl alcohol) / α –Vanadyl phosphate-, α-Type Pellicular Zirconium Phosphat Composite Membranes., Journal Faculty of Education Number Seven , Atumn (2011)pages12-20.
[34]  S. K.Shakshooki, A. M. Rhuma and F.A.El-Akari, .Inclusion Of Amino Acids L-alanine, L-arginine, L-serine, L- lysine, L-aspargine And proline Into Fibrous Cerium Phosphate Membrane. Journal Faculty of EducationNumber Seven Atumn (2011)pages21=38.
[35]  Shakshooki, S.K., Siala, F.Y., Hassan, M.B. and El-Nweli, W.K., Synthesis and thermal behavior of novel pillared zirconium-titnium phosphates 1,10- phenanthroline Co(II) and Cu(II) materials, Academic J.of Sci, 1(2012) 477.
[36]  Shakshooki, S.K., Siala, F.Y., Hassan, M.B. and El-Nweli, W.K., 2012, Synthesis and thermal behavior of novel pillared zirconium-titnium phosphates 1,10- phenanthroline Co(II) and Cu(II) materials, Academic J.of Sci., 1 (2012) 477.
[37]  El-Azzabi, O. H.M., Shakshooki, S. K., Benomran, M. and Suliman, Y. A., Synthesis, characterization and electrical porperties of intercalated mixed metal ions Cu2+-Mn2+ and Cu2+ - Zn2+ α vanadyl hydrogen phosphate, Sci. J. of Physics, 7(2012)1-4.
[38]  Shakshooki, S. K., Ellafi, M.M. K., ElTorki, F. M. and S. K.El-Mashri: Proton conductance of glassy tin phosphate, Acad. J. of Sci.,1(2) (2012) 289- 296.
[39]  Shakshooki, S.K., El-Azzabi,O.H and Suliman, Y.A., FT-IR spectra and thermal behavior of α-vanadyl phosphate hemihydrate and its intercalated Mn2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ metal ions, The Libyan J. of Sci., 17(2013) 23.
[40]  Mohamed M. K. Ellafi, Sadek K. Shakshooki*.Electrical Conductance of α-VOPO4 2.5H2O American Journal of Chemistry 2014, 4(2) (2014) 73-77.
[41]  S. K. Shakshooki*, S. R. EL-Tarhuni, A. M. EL-Hamady, Synthesis and Characterization of Pellicular γ-Zirconium Phosphate Fibrous Cerium Phosphate Nanocomposite Membranes, American Journal of Chemistry , 4(4)(2014) 109-115.
[42]  M.M. Khalifa Ellafi, S.K. Shakshooki and S.M. El-Mashri, Thermoelectromotive Power Study of A Superionic Conductor Ag7P3S11, Egypt. J. Anal.Chem, 23 (2014) 34-39. 7
[43]  S. K. Shakshooki*, M. A. Abuain, Amani M. El-Aouzi Nano Fibrous Cerium (IV) Hydrogen Phosphate Membrane Self Supported Aniline Polymerization Agent American Journal of Chemistry , 5(3)( 2015) 67-74 .
[44]  Shakshooki S.K., A. M. Elhamassi and N. M. Etorki, Novel composites of alpha-type zirconium phosphate- phosphite-fibrous cerium phosphate membranes, Sohag Bulletin of Pure and Applied Science, 14(2012)159.
[45]  Synthesis and Thermal Behavior of Novel Pillared Ө-Type Zirconium Phosphate 1,10-Phenanthroline Zn(II), Cd(II), Cr(III), Fe(III) and La(III) Materials Sadek Shakshooki*, Bashir Elnageh Ali , Samia El-Rais, Mahmood El- Rais, American Journal of Chemistry, 4(1) (2014) 22-28.
[46]  Shakahooki. S. K, El-Azzabi.O. H, Turki .F. M, El-Akari. F.A, Abodlal. R. S, and El-Tarhuni. S. R, 2012, FT-IR and thermal behavior of θ-typezirconium- and hafnium Phosphates and their pellicular membranes, Egypt J. Anal., 21, (2012) 45-56.
[47]  S. K. Shakshooki a, F. A. El-Akari b, S. M. El-Fituri and S. S. El-Fituri, Fibrous Cerium(iv) Hydrogen Phosphate Membrane Self Supported Benzimidazole Polymerization Agent, Advanced Materials ,856 (2014) 3-8.
[48]  S. K. Shakshooki, B.Najeh- Ali, S.S. Rais , A. M.Hamassi , Poly(vinylalcohol)/Lamellar Germanium Phosphate Nanocomposite Membranes International Journal of Science and Technology, 3 (2014).
[49]  Sadek Khalifa Shakshooki Nano Fibrous Cerium(IV) Hydrogen Phosphate Membrane Self Supported Indole Polymerization Agent, J. Chem. Chem. Eng. 8 (2014) 378-384.
[50]  Shakchooki, S.K., El-Akari, F.A., El-Fituri, M.S. and El-Fituri, S.S., Fibrous cerium(iv) hydrogen phosphate membrane self supported benzimidazole polymerization agent, Adv. Mater. Res., 856 (2014) 3.
[51]  S. K. Shakshooki, F. A. Elakari, Aisha M. Shaabani, Exfoliated Zirconium Phosphate-Fibrous Cerium Phosphate Nanocomposite Membrane Self Supported Indole, Its Co-Aniline and Co-Pyrrole Polymerization Agent , American Journal of Chemistry, 5(4)(2015) 115-123.
[52]  S,.K.Shakshooki*, M. A. Abuain, Amani M. El-Aouzi , Nano Fibrous Cerium (IV) Hydrogen Phosphate Membrane Self Supported Aniline Polymerization Agent American Journal of Chemistry , 5(3)( 2015) 67-74.
[53]  S. K. Shakshooki, F.A,. El-Akari, A. A. Jangher, A. M. Hamasi , Facile Synthesis of γ-Zirconium Phosphate-Fibrous Cerium Phosphate / Emeraldine Salt Nanocomposite Membrane American Journal of Chemistry , 5(3) (2015) 75-85.
[54]  S. K. Shakshooki, A. A. Elejmi, Hanan, A. Emmsalem Synthesis and Characterization of Glassy Tin Phosphate/Polyindole, Polyaniline, Polypyrrole, Polyindole-co-Polyaniline, Polyindole-co-Polypyrrole Composites Via In-Situ Oxidative Polymerization, American Journal of Chemistry 6(4) (2016) 87-94.
[55]  S.K.Shakshooki , F.A.Elakari, A.M. EL-Hamady, S. M. Elfituri and R. Elghariani Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Pellicular γ-Zirconium Phosphate-Phosphite/Fibrous Cerium Phosphate Nanocomposite Membranes J. Pharm. Appl. Chem., 31 (2016) 27-31.
[56]  S.K. Shakshooki, F.A. El-Akari, Salima M. El-Hamroni , R.H.Idris and Amani M.El-Aouzi, Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Highly Crystalline Layered Zirconium-, Hafnium-, Titanium Tellurates From Their Parent Glassy Sodium Forms Via HF solution, J. Pharm. Appl. Chem., 2( 2016) 205-210.
[57]  S. K. Shakshooki, F. A. El-Akari, R. H. Idris, A. M. Hamassi, M. R. Eltalbi, Rabiea A. Elmabrouk, Amira A. Elfaki, Novel Nanosized Mixed γ-Zirconium - Titanium Phosphates, American Journal of Chemistry, 6(2016) 104-110.
[58]  S. K. Shakshooki, N. Greesh, R. Alghazeer, F. Hebail, A. Elhamadi, A. Elouzi, W. Elharari and A. Shebani, Synthesis of Fibrous Cerium Phosphate-Silver-Polyethylene Nanocomposites for Antibacterial Application ,Academic Journal of Chemistry, 2 (2017) 65-73.
[59]  S.K.Shakshooki, E.A.Arafa andE. Etwire, Studies on the Uptake of Some lanthanide Metal Ions on 1, 10-Phenanthroloine, and 4, 4-Bipyridine Intercalated Products of Zirconium Phosphate by Radio Tracer Technique , Academic Journal of Chemistry, 2(2017) 16-20.
[60]  S. K. Shakshooki*, M. B. Hassan, Ibtihal M. Abdullah, Synthesis and Characterization of Novel GlassyTitanium-,Zirconium Tellurates-Fibrous Cerium Phosphate/Polyaniline, Polyindole, Polypyrrole, Polyaniline-co-Polyindole, Polyaniline-co-Polypyrrole Nanocomposite Membranes. American Journal of Chemistry , 8(3)(2018) 72-83.
[61]  Shakshooki, S.K, Elakari, F.A. , Alahemmer, A.A, Glassy-, α-Zirconium-Tin Phosphates / Fibrous Cerium(iv)Phosphate-Nanocomposite Membranes Self Supported Aniline, its Co-Pyrrole and co-Indole Polymerization Agent,The 4th International conference Theories and Application Basic and Biosciences, J.Faculty of Science University of Misurata,(2020) pp335-354.
[62]  S.K.Shakshoooki, F,A.El-Akari and Aisha A.Abozaid ,Pellicular α-Zirconium PhosphatePhosphite-Fibrous Cerium Phosphate / Polybenzimidazole Its -co-Polyaniline/ -co-Polypyrrole, -co-Polyindole Nanocomposite Membrane, International Conference on Applied Chemistry July 01-03, 2021 Munich, Germany.