International Journal of Optics and Applications

International Journal of Optics and Applications publishes original contributions to optical knowledge from educational institutions, government establishments and industrial R&D groups world-wide. Papers may deal with the applications of optics, considering both experimental and theoretical aspects of contemporary research.

Antonio Lapucci

Editorial Board Member of International Journal of Optics and Applications

Staff Scientist, C.N.R.-National Institute of Optics, Italy

Research Areas

Laser Physics, Laser Engineering, Beam Propagation, Beam Optics


1990Ph.DOptical Science


1996-presentSenior Scientist, Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, Florence, Italy
1990-1996 Permanent Researcher at Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, Florence, Italy
1989-1990Fellow Researcher at Officine Galileo SpA, working on Wavefront sensors for Infra-red Beams
1987-1988 Lieutenent of the Italian Army at the Military Establishment for Electronics and precision devices, Rome, Italy

Academic Achievement

Winner of the "Young Scientist award" by the Italian Physics Society in the year 1992

Publications: Journals

[1]  F.T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J.A. Roversi, P.H. Coullet, "Homoclinic chaos in a CO2 laser with feedback", Proceedings of the NATO International Workshop on "Instabilities, dynamics and chaos in nonlinear optical systems", Il Ciocco, Lucca, July 8-10 (1987).
[2]  F.T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, P. Coullet, J.A. Roversi, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by return times", Europhys. Lett., 6, 677 (1988).
[3]  F.T. Arecchi, W. Gadomski, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, H. Mancini, J.A. Roversi, "Laser with feedback: an optical implementation of competing instabilities, Shil'nikov chaos and transient fluctuations enhancement", Journal Opt. Soc. Amer. B, 5, 1153 (1988).
[4]  F.T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, "Shil'nikov chaos. how to characterize homoclinic and heteroclinic behavior" in: "Quantitative measures of complex dynamical systems", N.B. Abraham ed., Plenum Press, New York (1989), p. 281.
[5]  F.T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J.A. Roversi, P.H. Coullet, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by statistics of return times", in: "Coherence and Quantum Optics VI", J.H. Eberly, L. Mandel, E. Wolf Eds., Plenum Press, New York (1990), p. 49.
[6]  F.T. Arecchi, G. Giacomelli, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, "Experimental evidence of quasiperiodicity route to chaos in a CO2 laser with delayed feedback", O.S.A. Proceedings on "Nonlinear dynamics in optical systems", Vol. 7, N.B. Abraham, E. Garmire, P. Mandel Eds., Plenum Press, New York (1990), p. 315.
[7]  P.Y. Wang, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, F.T. Arecchi, "Onset of subcritical bifurcation in a CO2 laser with feedback", Opt. Comm., 80, (1), 42 (1990).
[8]  A. Lapucci, F. Quercioli, "Interferometric wavefront measurement through fringe carrier frequency coding", Opt. Comm., 80 (2), 97, (1990).
[9]  F.T. Arecchi, G. Giacomelli, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, "Dynamics of a CO2 laser with delayed feedback: the short delay regime", Phys. Rev. A 43, 4997 (1991).
[10]  R. Meucci, P.Y. Wang, A. Lapucci, "Thermodynamical treatment of the optogalvanic effect in a CO2 laser", Opt. Comm. 83, 327 (1991).
[11]  R. Meucci, P.Y. Wang, A. Lapucci, "Dynamic behavior of the optogalvanic effect in a CO2 laser", Opt. Lett., 16, 1040 (1991).
[12]  F.T. Arecchi, G. Giacomelli, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, "High dimensional chaos in a delayed dynamical system: analogy with spatio-temporal chaos", in ECOOSA '90 "Quantum Optics", M. Bertolotti, E.R. Pike eds., p. 285-288 IOP Pub. Ltd., Bristol, (1991).
[13]  P.Y. Wang, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, F.T. Arecchi, "Pitchfork subcritical bifurcation in a CO2 laser with feedback", in ECOOSA '90 "Quantum Optics", M. Bertolotti, E.R. Pike eds., p. 293-295 IOP Pub. Ltd., Bristol, (1991).
[14]  F.T. Arecchi, G. Giacomelli, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, "Two-dimensional representation of a delayed dynamical system", Phys. Rev. A 45 (7), R4225 (1992).
[15]  M. Ciofini, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, P.Y. Wang, F.T. Arecchi, "Two-peaked passage time distributions in transient CO2 lasers near threshold", Phys. Rev. A 46 (1), 5874 (1992).
[16]  G. Cangioli, A. Lapucci, "La scarica a radio-frequenza nei laser a CO2 di nuova generazione", Il Nuovo Saggiatore 8, (5-6), 32-40 (1992).
[17]  A. Lapucci, G. Cangioli, R. Meucci, "Frequency stability of RF-excited CO2 waveguide lasers in gain-switched and Q-switched regimes", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., QE-29 (3), 926-932 (1993).
[18]  A. Lapucci, G. Cangioli, "Phase-locked operation of a compact three slab-sections radio-frequency discharged CO2 laser", IEEE J. Quantum Eletron., QE-29 (12), 2962-2971 (1993).
[19]  A. Lapucci, F. Quercioli, D. Jafrancesco, "Optimal phase filtering for high-power laser arrays far-field distribution", Opt. Lett., 18 (20), 1694-1696 (1993).
[20]  R. Meucci, M. Ciofini, A. Lapucci, P. Burlamacchi, "Cooling effects induced by stimulated emission in the discharge of CO2 lasers", Opt. Comm., 105, 58-62, (1994).
[21]  A. Lapucci, F. Rossetti, P. Burlamacchi, "Beam properties of an RF-discharge annular CO2 laser",Opt. Comm., 111, 260-269, (1994).
[22]  S. Baldini, U. Perito, G. Taiti, A. Lapucci, "Sensore di fronte d'onda interferometrico a codifica di frequenza a 10.6 um", Atti di Elettro-Ottica '94, (AEI), 3o Convegno Nazionale Strumentazione di Misura Elettro-Ottica, Pavia, 25-27 Maggio 1994.
[23]  A. Lapucci, F. Rossetti, "Experimental characterization of RF-discharge open slab CO2 lasers", Optics and Laser Tech. 27(3), 167-173, (1995).
[24]  S.Y. Kourtchatov, V.V. Likhanskii, A.P. Napartovich, F.T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, "The theory of phase locking of globally coupled lasers". Phys. Rev. A 52(5), 4089-4094, (1995).
[25]  A. Lapucci, F. Rossetti, M. Ciofini, G. Orlando, "On the longitudinal voltage distribution in Radio-frequency discharged CO2 lasers with large area electrodes". IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-31(8), 1537-1542, (1995).
[26]  A. Lapucci, S. Mascalchi, F. Rossetti, "Pulse behaviour of a compact RF discharged CO2 slab laser", Optics and laser Tech., 28, (3), pp.187-191, 1996.
[27]  A. Lapucci, A. Labate, F.Rossetti, S. Mascalchi, "Hybrid stable-unstable resonators for diffusion-cooled CO2 slab lasers" Applied Optics, 35,(18), 3185, 1996.
[28]  A. Lapucci, G. Lescroart, G.L. Bourdet, "Lossless generation of a symmetric beam from the output of an array of CO2 waveguide lasers" Optics Commun. 132 (1-2), pp.111-115,1996.
[29]  A. Lapucci, F. Rossetti, S. Mascalchi, " Working properties of compact RF-excited CO2 slab lasers", SPIE Proc. 3092, pp.196-199, 1997.
[30]  A.Lapucci, F.Rossetti, S.Mascalchi, R.Ringressi, "Discharge impedance variations in large area RF excited CO2 lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(14), 1933-1935, 1997.
[31]  A.Lapucci, S.Mascalchi, R.Ringressi, "Parameters affecting the power distribution in the Radio-Frequency discharge of large area diffusion cooled CO2 lasers", IEEE J.Quantum Electron. QE-34(4), 616-621,1998.
[32]  L. Lorini, P. DeNatale, A. Lapucci, "Accurate gas diagnostics for sealed-off CO2 lasers using near-infrared DFB semiconductor lasers", IEEE J.Quantum Electron. QE-34(6), pp. 949-954, 1998.
[33]  A. Lapucci, "Specchi modulatori di fase per l'ottimizzazione della qualità del fascio emesso da laser CO2 guidati con cavità diffrattiva", in Ottica diffrattiva e Microottica, Collana Quaderni della SIOF, 1998.
[34]  A. Lapucci, M.Ciofini, S.Mascalchi, "Beam properties of a waveguide annular CO2 laser with a Talbot cavity" XII GCL/HPL , SPIE Proc. 3574 , pp. 120-127, 1998.
[35]  A. Lapucci, M.Ciofini, S. Mascalchi, E. Di Fabrizio, M. Gentili, "Beam quality enhancement for an RF-excited Annular CO2 Laser", Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(18), pp. 2549-2551, 1998.
[36]  A. Lapucci, M.Ciofini "Extraction of a high quality beam from narrow annular laser sources" Applied Optics. 38(21), pp. 4552-4557, 1999.
[37]  M. Ciofini, A. Lapucci, " Guided Talbot resonators for annular laser sources", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.2, 223-227, 2000.
[38]  A.Lapucci, M.Ciofini, R.Celli, S.Mascalchi, L.Roselli, G.L.Emili, "Investigation of split-electrode configurations for high-power diffusion cooled annular CO2 lasers", XIII GCL/HPL , SPIE Proc. 4184 , pp. 262-265, 2001.
[39]  A.Lapucci, M.Ciofini, "Polarization state modifications in the propagation of high azimuthal order annular beams", Opt. Express 9(12), 603-609, 2001.
[40]  A.Lapucci, M.Ciofini, "Optical beam quality: comparison between beams generated in folded-stable and hybrid stable-unstable resonators", SPIE Proc. 4829 , pp. 677-678, 2002.
[41]  A.Lapucci, M.Ciofini, "Optical quality measurements on beams generated by a stable multipass resonator and a hybrid stable-unstable resonator", Optics and Laser Tech. 35(4), 273-279, 2003.
[42]  M.Ciofini, A. Lapucci, S.Lolli, "Diffractive optical components for high power laser beam sampling", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5(3), pp. 186-191, 2003.
[43]  A.Lapucci, M.Ciofini, S.Lolli, " Polarization behavior and damage thresholds of long period diffractive samplers ", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5(4), pp. 356-361, 2003.
[44]  A. Lapucci, M.Ciofini, S.Lolli, "Low spatial-frequency diffractive samplers for high power laser beam characterization: performance tests in polarization and beam parameters measurements", Eureka Project EU-2359 (CHOCLAB II) Final Book, published by VDI-Technology Center, Dusseldorf, D, June 2003.
[45]  A. Lapucci, M. Ciofini, S. Lolli " Folded stable resonators versus hybrid stable-unstable resonators for slab lasers. ", XIV GCL/HPL SPIE Proc. 5120, pp. 146-149, 2003.
[46]  A.Lapucci, M.Ciofini "Beam quality enhancement for unconventional laser formats" ,Proc. SPIE 5131, 96-102 (2003)
[47]  M.Ciofini, A. Lapucci, "Compact scalable diode pumped Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser", Appl. Optics 43(33), pp.6174-6179, 2004.
[48]  A. Lapucci " Innovative discharge geometries for diffusion cooled gas lasers", Spie Proc. 5448, pp. 404-411,(2004).
[49]  M. Ciofini, A. Lapucci, " Optical Components for adaptive high-power beam delivery in industrial applications ", Spie Proc. 5777, pp. 804-807,(2004).
[50]  A. Lapucci, M.Ciofini, " Efficiency optimization for a diode pumped Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser", Appl. Optics 44(20), pp. 4388-4393 (2005).
[51]  A. Lapucci, M.Ciofini, "Innovative Ceramic Slab Laser for High power laser applications", Spie Proc. 5958, pp. 13-21,(2005).
[52]  E.Sani, E.Favilla, M.Ciofini, A.Lapucci, G.Bezzi, C.Mingazzini, S.Sangiorgi, "Comparative Optical Characterization of Transparent Nd-doped YAG Ceramics and Single Crystals for Laser Applications", in "Advances in Science and Tecnology" volume 45 ,pp.2608-2613, Trans Tech Publication Ltd. (2006).
[53]  A.Lapucci, " Caratterizzazione di mezzi attivi laser slab a matrice ceramica", Atti del convegno Elettroottica, edito dalla AEIT, Milano, Italia, (2006).
[54]  M.Ciofini, E.Favilla, A.Lapucci, E.Sani, "Beam characterization of a scalable 220 W-ceramic Nd:YAG laser", Spie Proc. vol. 6346, pp. 63460W-1,63460W-8, (2007).
[55]  M.Ciofini, E.Favilla, A.Lapucci, E.Sani, "Propagation Parameters of the beam extracted from a diode pumped Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser with a hybrid stable-unstable resonator", Journal of Optics and Laser Technology 39(7), 1380-1388,(2007).
[56]  A. Lapucci, M. Ciofini, E. Favilla, E. Sani, M. De Rosa, G. Mincuzzi, A. S. D. Rocco "Quantitative analysis of the thermal distortions in a 100 W CW Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser." , Journal of the European Optical Society-Rapid Publications 2, 2007, 07020 (2007).
[57]  M. Ciofini, E. Favilla, A. Lapucci, E. Sani, A.Capanni, L. Tommasi, "MILD: a laser altimeter transmitter for Mercury planetary orbiter", Applied Physics B 92, 431–438 (2008).
[58]  A.Lapucci, M.Ciofini, M.De Rosa, E.Favilla, E.Sani, A.Rocco "Experimental study of face-and edge-pumped ceramic slab DPSSLs in the 100-500 W power range.", Spie Proc. vol. 7131, pp. 713114-713121, (2008).
[59]  A. Lapucci and M. Ciofini, "Parametric study of a Hybrid Stable Unstable Resonator (HSUR) for slab lasers in strongly non-confocal configuration.", SPIE Proc.Vol.7751, p. 775116 , (2010).
[60]  A. Lapucci and M. Ciofini, "Experimental and theoretical characterization of ceramic slab DPSSLs with different formats and resonators.", SPIE Proc.Vol.7751, p. 775110 , (2010).
[61]  A. Lapucci and M. Ciofini, "Numerical analysis of non-confocal configurations of a hybrid stable-unstable resonator", Opt. Commun. 284(4), pp.999-1003 (2011). DOI: 10.1016/j.optcom.2010.10.021

Publications: Books/Book Chapters

[1]  A.Lapucci, M.Ciofini Editors: SPIE Proceedings Volume Nr. 4184 "XIII Symposium on Gas Flow and Chemical Lasers- High Power Lasers Conference", 2001. [ISBN 0-8194-3847-2].
[2]  K.Abramski, A.Lapucci, E.Plinski Editors: SPIE Proceedings Volume Nr. 5958 "SPIE International Congress on Optics and Optoelectronics: Laser Applications", 2005. [ISBN 0-8194-5965-8].
[3]  A. Lapucci and M. Ciofini, "High efficiency Diode Pumped Nd:YAG lasers based on a ceramic slab active medium.", in "Advances in Laser and Optics Research. Volume 7", pp. 101-133,Nova Science Publishers, Inc, Hauppauge, NY USA (2011). [ISBN 978-1-61324-396-1].