Geoscience is a multi-disciplinary journal aimed at bringing together top-quality research across the entire spectrum of the Earth Sciences along with relevant work in related areas. Geosciences Journal opens a new era for the publication of geoscientific research articles in English, covering geology, geophysics, geochemistry, paleontology, structural geology, mineralogy, petrology, stratigraphy, sedimentology, environmental geology, economic geology, petroleum geology, hydrogeology, remote sensing and planetary geology.

Quanhua Liu

Editorial Board Member of Geosciences

Research Scientist, Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation, USA

Research Areas

Geoscience: Atmospheric and Ocean Science, Climate, Renewable Energy, Radiative Transfer


1991Ph.DInstitute of Oceanography (Institut für Meereskunde), University of Kiel (F. R. Germany), Atmospheric Science
1984M.A.Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Atom and Molecular Physics
1982B.A.Nanjing Institute of Meteorology (China), Physics and Meteorology


Research Scientist, Dell Inc. at Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation
Deputy lead, VIIRS instrument calibration team
Co-chair, Community Radiative Transfer Model
Coordinator, 2011 US-China Green Development Forum

Publications: Conferences/Workshops/Symposiums/Journals/Books

[1]  Liu, Q., F. Weng, and S. English, 2011: AN IMPROVED FAST MICROWAVE WATER EMISSIVITY MODEL, IEEE TGRS, 49, 1238-1250.
[2]  Vogel, R., Q. Liu, Y. Han, and F. Weng, 2011: Evaluating a Satellite-Derived Global Infrared Land Surface Emissivity Data Set for use in Radiative Transfer Modeling, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 116, D08105, doi:10.1029/2010JD014679.
[3]  Ding, S., P. Yang, F. Weng, Q. Liu, Y. Han, P. vanDelst, J. Li, and B. Baum, 2011: Validation of the community radiative transfer model, J. Q. S. SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER, 112, 1050-1064.
[4]  Chen, Y., F. Weng, Y. Han, and Q. Liu, 2011 :Planck weighted transmittance and correction of solar reflection for broadband infrared satellite channels, J. Atmos. Oceanic. Technol., 2011JECHD1100102.
[5]  Chen, Y., Y. Han, Q. Liu, P. van Delst, and F. Weng, 2011: Community Radiative Transfer Model for Stratospheric Sounding Unit channels, J. Atmos. Oceanic. Technol., 28, 767-778, doi: 10.1175/2010JECHA1509.1.
[6]  Saha S., and others, Q. Liu, and others, 2010: The NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis, BAMS.
[7]  Liu, Q., F. Weng, S. Boukabara, and Y. Han, 2010: A THREE-DIMENSIONAL VARIATION (3D-var) RETRIEVAL OF TEMPERATURE AND WATER VAPOR PROFILES, IEEE Proceedings, 155-160.
[8]  Hong, G., G. Heygster, J. Notholt, F. Weng, and Q. Liu, 2010: Simulations of microwave brightness temperatures at AMSU-B frequencies over a 3D convective cloud system, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 31, 1781-1800.
[9]  Liu, Q., M. Miao, J. Liu, W. Yang, 2009: Solar and wind energy resources and prediction, J. Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 1, 043105,1-12 (
[10]  Liu, Q., G. Yu, and J. Liu, 2009: Solar Radiation as Large-Scale Resource for Energy-Short World, Energy & Environment, 20, No. 3, 319-329.
[11]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2009: Radiative Cooling Effect of Hurricane Florence in 2006 and Precipitation of Typhoon Matsa in 2005, Atmos. Sci. Lett., 10, 122-126.
[12]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2009: Recent stratospheric temperature observed from satellite measurements, SOLA, 5, 53-56, doi:10.2151/sola.2009-014.
[13]  Ding, S., Y. Xie, F. Weng, Q. Liu, B. Baum, Y. Hu, 2009: Estimates of radiation over clouds and dust aerosols: Optimized number of terms in phase function expansion, J. Q. S. SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER, 110, 1190-1198, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2009.03.032.
[14]  Liu, Q., X. Liang, Y. Han, P. van Delst, Y. Chen, A. Ignatov, and F. Weng, 2009: Effect of out-of-band response in NOAA-16 AVHRR channel 3b on top-of-atmosphere radiances calculated with the community radiative transfer model, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 26, 1968-1972.
[15]  Hong, G., P. Yang, B. A. Baum, A. J. Heymsfield, F. Weng, Q. Liu, G. Heygster, S. A. Buehler, 2009: Scattering database in the millimeter and submillimeter wave range of 100-1000 GHz for non-spherical ice particles, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D06201, doi:10.1029/2008JD010451.
[16]  Dong, P., F. Weng, Q. Liu, and J. Xue, 2009: Deriving infrared land surface emissivity from the special sensor microwave imager/sounder, Int.. J. Remote Sensing, 30, 2021-2031.
[17]  Mo, T., and Q. Liu, 2008: A Study of AMSU-A Measurement of Brightness Temperatures Over Ocean, JGR-Atmosphere, 113, D17120, doi:10.1029/2008JD009784.
[18]  Liu, Q., Y. Han, and F. Weng, 2008: Conversion Issues between Microwave Radiance and Brightness Temperature, J. Q. S. SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER, 109, 1943-1950, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2008.03.001.
[19]  Chen, Y., F. Weng, Y. Han, Q. Liu, 2008: Validation of the Community Radiative Transfer Model (CRTM) by Using CloudSat Data, J. Geophys. Res. VOL. 113, D00A03, doi:10.1029/2007JD009561.
[20]  Kazumori, M., Q. Liu, R. Treadon, and J. C. Derber, 2008: Impact study of AMSR-E radiances in the NCEP global data assimilation system, Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 541-559.
[21]  Hong, G., P. Yang, F. Weng, and Q. Liu, 2008: Microwave scattering properties of sand particles: Application to the simulation of microwave radiances over sandstorms, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 109, 684-702.
[22]  Liu, Q., M. Kazumori, Y. Han, and F. Weng, 2007: Calculating Antarctic stratospheric temperature from Special Sensor Microwave Imager and Sounder, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L15812, doi:10.1029/2007GL030646
[23]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2007: Uses of NOAA-16 and-18 satellite measurements for verifying limb-correction algorithm, J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatology, 46, 544-548.
[24]  Han, Y., F. Weng, Q. Liu and P. van Delst, 2007: A fast radiative transfer model for SSMIS upper atmosphere sounding channel, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D11121, doi:10.1029/2006JD008208.
[25]  Boukabara, S., F. Weng and Q. Liu, 2007: Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Extreme Weather Events Using NOAA-18 AMSUA and MHS, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing, 45, 2228-2246.
[26]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2006: Advanced Doubling-Adding Method for Radiative Transfer in Planetary Atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., Vol. 63, No. 12, pages 3459-3465.
[27]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2006: Radiance Assimilation in Studying Hurricane Katrina, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L22811, doi:10.1029/2006GL027543.
[28]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2006: Combined Henyey-Greenstein and Rayleigh (HG-Rayleigh) Phase Function, Applied Optics, 45, 7475-7479.
[29]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2006: Detecting Warm Core of Hurricane from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager Sounder, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L06817.
[30]  Liou, K. N., S. C. Ou, Y. Takano, and Q. Liu, 2005: A Polarized Delta-Four-Stream Approximation for Infrared and Microwave Radiative Transfer: Application to Satellite Data Assimilation. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 2542-2554.
[31]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2005: Vicarious calibration of the third and fourth Stokes parameters of Windsat measurements, Applied Optics, Vol. 44, No. 34, 2005.
[32]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2005: One-dimensional retrieval algorithm of temperature, water vapor, and cloud water profiles from advanced microwave sounding unit (AMSU), IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing, 43, No. 5, 1087-1095.
[33]  Liu, Q. and F. Weng, 2004: Variational Retrieval of Sea Surface Wind Vector Using A Polarimetric Approach, Advance Space Research, Vol. 33, No. 7, 1143-1147.
[34]  Liu, Q. and F. Weng, 2003: Retrieval of Sea Surface Wind Vector from Simulated Satellite Microwave Polarimetric Measurements, Radio Science, 38, 8078-8085.
[35]  Weng, F. and Q. Liu, 2003: Satellite Data Assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction Models, Part I: Forward Radiative Transfer and Jocobian Modeling in Cloudy Atmospheres, J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 2633-2646.
[36]  Liu, Q., and F. Weng, 2002: A microwave polarimetric two-stream radiative transfer model, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 2396-2402.
[37]  Egan, W., and Q. Liu, 2002: Polarized MODTRAN 3.7 applied to characterization of ocean color in the presence of aerosols, SPIE, 4481, 228E.
[38]  Liu, Q., 2000: An improved look-up table technique for geophysical parameters from SSM/I, Int. J. Remote Sensing., Vol. 21, No. 8, 1571-1582.
[39]  Haas, C., Q. Liu, and T. Martin, 1999: Retrieval of Antarctic sea-ice pressure ridge frequencies from ERS SAR imagery by means of in situ laser profiling and usage of a neural network, Int. J. Remote Sens., Vol. 20, No. 15, 3111-3123.
[40]  Liu, Q., C. Simmer, and E. Ruprect, 1998: Monte Carlo Simulations to Microwave Emissivity of Sea Surface, J. Geophy. Res., 103, C11, 24983-24989.
[41]  Liu, Q., E. Augstein, and A. Darovskikh, 1998: Polarization anomaly of the microwave brightness temperature from ice, Applied Optics, 37, 2228-2230.
[42]  Liu, Q., G. Koenig-Langlo, and C. Simmer, 1998: Surface radiation measurements from polar stations, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 23, 594-598.
[43]  Liu, Q., C. Haas, T. Martin, and E. Augstein, 1998: Study of ice ridges from in-situ ground measurements and ERS SAR signatures, Proceeding EUSAR 96: European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, VDE-Verlag Berlin, Offenbach, 449-452.
[44]  Liu, Q., C. Simmer, and E. Ruprect, 1997: Estimating longwave net radiation at sea surface from the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I), J. Appl. Meteorol., 36, 7, 919-930.
[45]  Liu, Q., S. Simmer, and E. Ruprecht, 1996: 3-D radiative transfer effects of clouds in the microwave spectral range. J. Geophy. Res., 101 (D2), 4289-4298.
[46]  Liu, Q., E. Ruprecht, 1996: A radiative transfer model: matrix operator method. Appl. Opt., 35, 4229-4237.
[47]  Liu, Q., and C. Simmer, 1996: Polarization and intensity in microwave radiative transfer model. Contri. Atmosph. Phys., 69, 535-545.
[48]  Simmer, C., and Q. Liu, 1995: Determination of rainfall over the ocean from SSM/I measurements using a library approach, IGARSS, 3, 1892-1894.
[49]  Poetzsch-Heffer, C., Q. Liu, E. Ruprecht, and C. Simmer, 1995: Effect of cloud types on the earth radiation budget calculated with the ISCCP-C1 data set. Journal of Climate, 8, 829-843.
[50]  Liu, Q., 1992: A radiation budget index at the top of the atmosphere derived from METEOSAT Climate Data Set. Berichte aus dem Institut fuer Meereskunde an der Chistian-Albrechts-Universitaet, Kiel, Germany, Nr. 216, ISSN 0341-8561.
[51]  Liu, Q., C. Simmer and E. Ruprecht, 1991: A general analytical expression of the radiation source function for emitting and scattering media within the matrix operator method. Contri. Atmosph. Phys., 64, 73-82.
[52]  Liu, Q., 1990: An analytical solution of transmission and reflection operators for homogeneous atmospheres. Contri. Atmosph. Phys., 63, 128-133.
[53]  Liu, Q., C. Dong, and G. Li, 1990: The statistical algorithms of CO2 transmittance. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 13, 243-254. (published by American Meteoroloical Society)
[54]  Liu, Q., C. Dong, and G. Li, 1989: Calculation of longwave radiation flux using HIRS/2 instruments. Chinese Meteorolo. Monthly, 15, 26-29.
[55]  Liu, Q., and J. Schmetz, 1988: On the problem of an analytical solution to the diffusivity factor. Contri. Atmosph. Phys., 61, 23-29.
[56]  Schmetz, J., and Q. Liu, 1988: Outgoing longwave radiation and its diurnal variation at regional scales derived from METEOSAT. J. Geophys. Res., 93 (D9), 11192-11204.