International Journal of Materials and Chemistry

International Journal of Materials and Chemistry is a peer-reviewed international journal that publishes high impact work on the chemistry of novel materials. It covers the chemistry of materials in all forms, particularly materials associated with new technologies. Coverage is broad and includes the design and synthesis of materials, their characterization, processing, modeling, properties and applications.

Craig Williams

Editorial Board Member of International Journal of Materials and Chemistry

Professor, University of Wolverhampton, UK

Research Areas

Micro and Meso Porous Materials


2003Professor of Meso & Microporous Materials, Wolverhampton University
1993-2003Senior Lecturer in Environmental & Analytical Science, School of Applied Sciences, Wolverhampton University
1990-1993Lecturer II, Wolverhampton Polytechnic
1989-1990Research Fellow at the Leverhulme Centre for Innovative Catalysis, University of Liverpool
1986-1988Research Fellow at the University of Edinburgh, Chemistry Department
1984-1986Inorganic practical class demonstrator for the final year chemistry course, University of Salford

Academic Achievement

CDW elected member of the ICDD International Board 2004
Research Group awarded 2nd prize for research presentation at the RSC Inorganic Chemistry meeting 2001
CDW awarded a Certificate of Achievement from the International Centre for Diffraction Data (ICDD) 2000
Research Group awarded joint 1st prize for research presentation at the RSC congress 2000
CDW elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry 1999
Research Group awarded 2nd prize for research presentation at the ICHE meeting 1999
CDW elected Secretary of Royal Society of Chemistry Industrial Inorganic Chemicals Section 1999
CDW granted Curatorship of the Barrer Archive 1998
Elected Chair of Royal Society of Chemistry Analytical Division Midlands Section 1998
Research Group awarded 1st prize for research presentation at the ICHE meeting 1998
CDW elected Associate Member of the Institute of Materials 1997
Research Group awarded 3rd prize for research presentation ICHE meeting 1997
Research Group awarded 1st prize for research presentation BZA meeting 1997
CDW elected Secretary of the British Zeolite Association from1996 onwards.
CDW elected Secretary of Royal Society of Chemistry Analytical Division Midlands Section 1995
Field trips to N.W. Scotland studying tertiary dyke compositions.
Supervisor for ten PhD. students studying synthesis, modification and characterization of zeolites (Awards granted 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000).
Associate supervisor for five other PhD students (two in X-ray Methods, two in Chemometrics & one in Biology)


Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (C.Chem., FRSC), 1999
Associate Member of the Institute of Materials, 1997

Publications: Conferences/Workshops/Symposiums/Journals/Books

[1]  Karger, J., Pfeifer, H., Walther, P., Dyer, A. & Williams, C.D. 'Intracrystalline Self- Diffusion of Hydrocarbons in Zeolite Sodium X in Equilibrium with Excess Liquid Phase.' Zeolites 8 251-254 1988.
[2]  Lowe, B.M., Pope, C & Williams, C.D. 'Salt Imbibition by AlPO Molecular Sieves.' J.Chem.Soc., Chem Commun., 1186-1188 1988.
[3]  Franklin, K.R., Hunt, R.R. & Williams, C.D. 'Sorption of Butan-1-o1 from Aqueous Solution by Silica Molecular Sieves.' Zeolites 8 432-435 1988.
[4]  Hampson, B., Leach, H.F., Lowe, B.M. & Williams, C.D. 'Degradation of AlPO-5 by Aqueous Salt Solutions. 'Zeolites 9 521-525 1989.
[5]  Hampson, B., Leach, H.F., Lowe, B.M. & Williams, C.D. 'Synthesis of Catalytically Active AlPO Molecular Sieves.' Zeolites 10 125-128 1990.
[6]  Hutchings, G.J., Lee, D.F. & Williams, C.D. 'Conversion of Allyl Alcohol over Zeolite ZSM-5'. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Comm. 1475-1476 1990.
[7]  Buckles, G.J., Hutchings, G.J. & Williams, C.D. 'Propane Conversion Over Zeolite Catalysts'. Cat. Letts. 8 115-124 1991.
[8]  Buckles, G.J., Hutchings, G.J. and Williams, C.D. ‘Aromatization of Propane over Ga/H-ZSM-5’. Cat. Letts. 11 89-94 1991.
[9]  Hutchings, G.J., Lee, D.F. and Williams, C.D. 'Conversion of Allyl Alcohol to Oxygenated Products over Zeolite Catalysts'. Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, 69, 389-395 1991.
[10]  Dyer,A., Enamy, H., Williams, C.D. and Wilson, O.M. Stellerite from Todhead Point, Grampian Region, Scotland. Min. Mag. 57 540-542 1993.
[11]  Hutchings, G.J., Johnson, P., Lee, D.F and Williams, C.D. 'Acetone Conversion to Isobutene in High Selectivity using Beta Catalyst'. Cat. Lett. 21 49-53 1993
[12]  Abbot, P.H., Adams, M.J., and Williams, C.D. 'Automated Identification of X-Ray Fluorescence Spectra' Analytical Proceedings 31 31 1994.
[13]  Edmunds, M.P.W., Hill, S.J., Latham, K. and Williams, C.D. 'Synthesis of Zeolite * in mixed solvent systems'. Zeolites 14 529-532 1994.
[14]  Banersee, S.P., Dyer, A., Enamy, H. and Williams, C.D. 'Beryllium (II)-13Z Zeolite Derivatives for the Purpose of Environmental Control'. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology 1 254-257 1994.
[15]  Duke, C.V.A., Hill, S.J. and Williams, C.D. 'Synthesis of MnAPO-20 and CoAPO-20 using Tetrahedral Metal Species'. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 2633-2634 1994.
[16]  Hutchings,G.J., Johnson, P., Lee, D.F., Warwick, A., Williams, C.D. and Wilkinson, M. 'The Conversion of Methanol and other O-compounds to Hydrocarbons over Zeolite *'. J.Catal. 147 (1) 177-185 1994.
[17]  Latham,K., Duke,C.V.A and Williams, C.D. 'Isomorphous Substitution of Fe3+ in LTL Framework using Potassium Ferrate (VI). Zeolites 15 213 - 218 1995.
[18]  Duke, C.V.A., Hill S. J., and Williams, C. D. 'Synthesis of MnAPO-20, NiAPO-20 and CuAPO-20 Using Tetrahedral Tetrahalometallates' Zeolites 15, 413 - 420 1995.
[19]  Hill, S.J., Williams, C.D. & Duke, C.V.A. 'The Synthesis of high Cobalt Containing CoAPO-34'. Zeolites 17, 291-297 1996.
[20]  Latham, K., Williams, C.D. & Duke, C.V.A. ' The Synthesis of Iron Cancrinite using Tetrahedral Iron Species'. Zeolites 17, 513-517 1996
[21]  Dyer,A., Wilson,O.M., Williams, C.D., and Smethurst, J. 'Zeolite Occurrences in Basaltic Dykes on the Western Isles of Scotland'. Journal of the Russell Society 6 (2) 89-92 1996
[22]  Round, C.I., Hill, S.J., Latham, K. & Williams, C.D. 'The Crystal Morphology of Zeolite A. The Effects of the Source of the Reagents'. Microporous Materials 11 213-225 1997
[23]  Round, C.I., Williams, C.D. & Duke, C.V.A. 'Co-ZSM-5 & Mn-ZSM-5 Synthesised Directly from Aqueous Fluoride Gels'. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1849-1850 1997
[24]  Williams, C.D. 'The Synthesis of Pure Clinoptilolite without the use of Seed Crystals’. J.Chem. Commun. 2113-2114 1997
[25]  Round, C.I., Williams, C.D. & Duke, C.V.A. ‘Thermogravimetric Evidence of Cobalt or Manganese Isomorphously Substituted into a Zeolite’. The Journal of Thermal Analysis 54 901-911 1998
[26]  Dyer, A., Morgan, S., Wells, P. & Williams C.D. ‘The Use of Zeolites as Slow Release Agents for Anthelmintic Drugs’ Journal of Helminthology 74 2 137-143 2000
[27]  Wan, Y., Williams, C.D., Cox, J.J. & Duke, C.V.A. ‘Synthetic studies on stoichiometric reaction gels of AlPO4-5 for the purpose of minimising solvent waste’ Green Chemistry June Issue 169-171 1999
[28]  C.D. Williams (ed.), R.M. Barrer 1910-1996, ‘Founding Father of Zeolite Science’, British Zeolite Association, University of Wolverhampton, 1999.
[29]  Latham, K., Williams C.D., Round, C.I. & Thompsett, D. ‘ Studies on the Isomorphous Substitution of Ruthenium into MFI Frameworks’ Journal Materials Chemistry, Volume 10, Issue 05 1235-1240 2000
[30]  Latham, K., Round C. I. & Williams C. D., Synthesis, Further Characterisation and Catalytic Activity of Iron-Substituted Zeolite LTL, Prepared Using Tetrahedral Oxo-Anion Species. Mircoporous and Mesoporous Materials 38 2/3 333-343 2000
[31]  Wan, Y., Williams, C.D., Duke, C.V.A. and Cox, J.J, ‘Systematic studies on the effect of water content on the synthesis, crystallization, conversion and morphology of AlPO4-5 molecular sieve’ Journal of Materials Chemistry Vol 10 No.12 2857-2862 2000
[32]  Williams, C.D., "Inorganic Ion Exhange Materials" Chapter in Encylopedia of Separation Science, Academic Press 2000 ISBN: 0-12-226770-2
[33]  Round, C. I., Williams C. D., Latham, K., and Duke, C. V. A., Ni-ZSM-5 and Cu-ZSM-5 synthesised directly from aqueous fluoride gels. Chemistry of Materials 13 (2) 468-472 2001
[34]  Round, C. I., Williams, C. D., Latham, K., and Duke, C. V. A., ‘Thermogravimetric Evidence of Nickel and Copper Isomorphously Substituted into a Zeolite’. Journal of Thermal Analysis & Calorimetry 63 329-338 2001
[35]  Wan, Y., Williams, C.D., Duke, C.V.A., and Cox, J.J., ‘Zeolite L Synthesis using Different Molar Gel Compositions for the Purpose of Minimising Reagent Water’ Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 47 (1) 79-84 2001
[36]  Han, X.S., Williams, C.D., Lee, D.F. & Round, C.I. ‘Synthesis of high silicon content SAPO4-5 using anionic surfactants in a hexanol/aqueous two phase media’ J.Chem. Commun. 166-167 2002
[37]  Cox, J.J., Gibbons, M.N.N., Hudson, I.D., & Williams, C.D. ‘A Novel Method for Cleaning Reaction Vessels'. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology 9 50-53 2002
[38]  Williams C.D. ‘Shape selective catalysis using zeolites’. Chimica Oggi 20 (9) 74-80 2002
[39]  Guest, J & Williams C.D. "Efficient methane/nitrogen separation with low-sodium clinoptilolite". J. Chem. Commun. (23) 2870-2871 2002
[40]  Shilton, V.F., Giess, P., Mitchell, D & Williams, C.D. "The characterisation of settled dust by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis" Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 2 237-246 2002
[41]  Shilton, V.F., Giess, P., Mitchell, D., & Williams, C.D. "The relationships between indoor and outdoor respirable particulate matter: Meteorology, chemistry and personal exposure" Indoor and Built Environment 11 (5): 266-274 SEP-OCT 2002
[42]  Williams, C.D., "Zeolite" Chapter in The Molecular World, RSC Press 2002 ISBN: 0-854046704
[43]  Cox, J.J., Gibbons, M.N.N., & Williams, C.D. 'The Influence of Water in the synthesis of AlPO4-5 & Zeolite *'. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology 10 48-52 2003
[44]  Dyer, A., Waughman, R. & Williams, C.D. ‘Pyramdal analcime from Ayrshire’. Journal of the Russell Society 8 (1) 26-29 2003.
[45]  Williams, C.D., "Shape selective catalysis" Cheminform 34 (7) 227-235 2003
[46]  Williams, C.D., "Zeolite Materials" Chapter in Encylopedia of Inorganic Chemistry, Academic Press 2004
[47]  Shilton, V.F., Booth, C.A., Giess, G., Mitchell, D.J. & Williams, C.D. " Magnetic properties of urban street dust and its releationship to organic matter content in the west midlands UK". Atmospheric Environment (2005) 3651-3659
[48]  Chmielewska, E., Bogdanchikova, N. and Williams, C.D. "Study of some inorganic oxyanion-loaded ODA and Ag Clinoptilolite-rich tuff by HR TEM, SEM and XRD spectral analytical techniques". Environment Protection Engineering 30 (1-2) 31-40 2004
[49]  Farzaneh F, Zamanifar E, and Williams C.D. "V-MCM-41 as selective catalyst for epoxidation of olefins and trans-2-hexene-1-ol" JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR CATALYSIS A-CHEMICAL 218 (2): 203-209 AUG 24 2004
[50]  Brigden, C.T., Thompsett, D. and Williams, C.D. "Synthesis of Sc-ZSM-5 from Fluoride Media" Dalton Trans., 2004, 2829 - 2830
[51]  Dyer, A., Green, D.I., Taylor, B. and Williams, C.D. ‘A tin lead alloy found in a zeolitic amygdale at Carsaig Bay on the hebridean isle of Mull’. Journal of the Russell Society 8 (2) 113-114 2005
[52]  Dyer, A., Chimedtsogzol, A., Campbell, L. and Williams. C. D. "Uptake of caesium and strontium radioisotopes by natural zeolites from Mongolia". Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 95 172-175 2006
[53]  Jakkula V.S., Williams C.D., Hocking T.J. and Fullen, M.A. "High selectivity and affinity of Linde type F towards ammonium ions on application as a soil amenndment for maize growth". Microporous and mesoprous materials 88 1-2 pp101-104 2006
[54]  Dyer, A., Green, D. I., Tindle, A. G. and Williams, C. D. "Clinoptilolite and Heulandite from Wheal Hazard, St Just, Cornwall" J. of the Russell Society 9 68-72 2006
[55]  Rios, C.A, Williams, C.D and Castellanos, O.M. "Synthesis and charaterisation of zeolites by activation of kaolinitr and industrial by-products in alkaline solutions" Bistua 4 60-71 2006
[56]  Rios, C.A., Williams, C.D and Maple M.J. " Synthesis of zeolites and zeotypes by hydrothermal transformation of kaolinite and metakaolinite" Bistua 5 15-26 2007
[57]  Brigden, C. T. and Williams, C. D. "The synthesis and charaterisation of Ai=Beta and all silica beta formed in fluoride and caustic media" Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 100 118-127 2007
[58]  Verlinden, R.A.J., Hill, D.J., Kenward, M.A, Williams, C.D and Radecka, I "Bacterial synthesis of biodegradable polyhydroxyalkanoates" Journal of Applied Microbiology 102 (2007) 1437-1449
[59]  Brigden, C.T., Williams, C.D. and Apperley, D. "A study of the chemistry of isomorphous substitution and characterisation of Al-ZSM-5 and Sc-ZSM-5 synthesised in fluoride media" Russian Journal of Inorganic Materials 43 No7 1-12 2007
[60]  Maple, M.J. and Williams, C.D. "Synthesis and characterisation of aluminophosphate-based zeotype materials prepared with α,ω-bis(N-methylpyrrolidinium) alkane cations as structure directing agents" Dalton Transactions 4175-4181 2007
[61]  Catherine Duke & Craig Williams "Chemistry for Environmental & Earth Sciences" Tayor & Francis (CRC Press) 2007 ISBN 9780849339349
[62]  Kwakye-Awuah, B, Williams, C. D, Kenward, MA, Hill, D & Radecka I. "Antimicrobial action and efficiency of silver-loaded zeolite X" JOURNAL OF APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY Volume: 104 Issue: 5 Pages: 1516-1524 Published: 2008
[63]  Kwakye-Awuah, B, Williams, C.D., Kenward, M.A. & Radecka, I " Production of siliver loaded analcime by isomorphous substitution technologies" Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology Volume 88, 1255-1260 2008
[64]  Wilson, O, Dyer, A, Holyer, V.A.D. & Williams, C.D. "Scolecite from Cornwall, the first occurrences in Englans" Journal of the Russell Society 11 87 2008
[65]  Removal of heavy metals from acid mine drainage (AMD) using coal fly ash, natural clinker and synthetic zeolites, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 156, Issues 1-3, 15 August 2008, Pages 23-35, C.A. Ríos, C.D. Williams, C.L. Roberts
[66]  Synthesis of zeolitic materials from natural clinker: A new alternative for recycling coal combustion by-products, Fuel, Volume 87, Issue 12, September 2008, Pages 2482-2492, C.A. Ríos, C.D. Williams
[67]  Synthesis and characterization of zeotype ANA framework by hydrothermal reaction of natural clinker, Fuel, Volume 88, Issue 2, February 2009, Pages 272-281, M.V. Sandoval, J.A. Henao, C.A. Ríos, C.D. Williams, D.C. Apperley
[68]  Nucleation and growth history of zeolite LTA synthesized from kaolinite by two different methods, Applied Clay Science, Volume 42, Issues 3-4, January 2009, Pages 446-454, C.A. Ríos, C.D. Williams, M.A. Fullen
[69]  Hydrothermal synthesis of hydrogarnet and tobermorite at 175 °C from kaolinite and metakaolinite in the CaO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O system: A comparative study, Applied Clay Science, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 4 October 2008, Carlos A. Ríos, Craig D. Williams, Michael A. Fullen
[70]  A comparative study of two methods for the synthesis of fly ash based sodium and potassium type zeolites Fuel, Volume 88, 2009 Pages 1403-1416 Carlos A. Rios R., Craig D. Williams, Clive L. Roberts
[71]  Rios, C.A., Williams, C.D. and Roberts, C.L. "Zeolitization of geological and waste materials at low temperature in KOH solutions" Geological Engineering 11 (2) 117-125 2009
[72]  Rios, C.A. and Williams, C.D. "Hydrothermal transformation of kaolinite in the system K2O-SiO2-Al2O3-H2O" Dyna 163 55-63 2010
[73]  Rios, C.A., Williams, C.D. and Castellanos, O.M. "Synthesis of zeolite LTA from thermally treated kaolinite" Rev. Fac. Ing. Univ. Antioquia 53 30-44 2010
[74]  Rios, C.A., Williams C.D and Roberts, C.L. " UK fly ash-based zeolites as adsorbents for removal of heavy metals and ammonium from artificially polluted solutions" Geological Engineering 12 (1) 57-71 2010