International Journal of Control Science and Engineering

International Journal of Control Science and Engineering seeks to provide an outlet for technical papers on advances in the field of control systems and control technology. It aims at speedy, online publication of original, peer-reviewed papers in all established and newly emerging areas of control theory and applications, encompassing modeling, identification, estimation, analysis, design, implementation of control systems, and in broader and related areas of signal processing and systems and information sciences. The Journal employs a paperless, electronic submission and evaluation system to promote a rapid turnaround in the peer review process.

Rames C Panda

Editorial Board Member of International Journal of Control Science and Engineering

Staff Scientist, Central Leather Research Institute, India

Research Areas

Control Engg, Instrumentation, Process Control, Chemical Engineering


1994Ph.DIndia Istitute of Technology Chennai
1989M.TechIndia Istitute of Technology Chennai
1984-1987B.TechJadavpur University


1989-presentScientist,Process Control & Instrumentation, Process Modelling, Research with Industrial Interactions


Life fellow member of Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers (IIChE) 18925 since 98
Recognized PhD supervisor of Anna University & Madras University, Chennai
Member of Engineers Australia. No-3242865 since 2007
Life member of Instrumentation Society Of India. Life Member-1648, Since 2008
Assoc member of IChemE (UK) 99914884 since 2007

Publications: Journals

[1]  Panda, R.C. and Ramachandra Rao, V.S. 1991, Fluidized Bed Dryers : Dynamic Modelling and Control Chem. Eng.Technol. (Weinheim), 14 (5), pp. 307-310.
[2]  Panda, R.C. and Ramachandra Rao, V.S., 1993, Dynamic Model of a Fluidized Bed Dryer, Drying Technol., 11 (5), pp. 589-602.
[3]  Balasubramanian, A., R.C. Panda and V.S. Ramachandra Rao, 1996, Modelling of a Fluidized Bed Drier Using Artificial Neural Network, Drying Technol.,14 (7-8).
[4]  Thyagarajan, R.C. Panda, P.G.Rao, J.Shanmugam and M. Ponnavaikko, 1997, Model based Controller for drying process, Hung, J. Ind. Chem., Vol.25, pp. 255-260.
[5]  Thyagarajan, T., R.C. Panda, P.G.Rao, J. Shanmugam and M. Ponnavaikko, 1998, Artificial Neural networks : Principle & Application to Model Based Control of Drying Systems-A Review, Drying Technol., 16 (6), 931-966.
[6]  Thyyagarjan. T., R.C. Panda, P.G. Rao, J. Shanmugam and M. Ponnavaikko, 1997, Development of ANN Model for Non-linear Drying Processess, Drying Technol. (N.Y), 15 (10), 2527-2540.
[7]  Panda, R.C. and V.S. Ramachandra Rao, 1998, Dynamics of a Continuous Fluidized Bed Dryer, Iranian J. of Sci. & Tech, vol 22 (33), 219-231.
[8]  Thyagarajan, T., J. Shanmugam, M. Ponnavaikko, R.C. Panda, 1999, Neuro Fuzzy Controller for Temperature Regulation of an Air Heat Plant, Control and Intelligent Systems, 27 (1), 17-25.
[9]  Panda, R.C., Jesko Zank and Holger Martin, 2000, An Experimental Investigation of Droplet Deposition on a Single Particle in a Fluidized Spray Granulation Process, Chem. Engg. Journal, 83 (1), pp.1-5.
[10]  Rames C. Panda, Jesko Zank and Holger Martin, 2000, Modelling the Droplet Deposition Behaviour on a Single Particle in Fluidized Bed Spray Granulation, Powder Tech. 115 (1), pp.51-57.
[11]  Yadagiri, P., T.Thyagarajan, R.C. Panda and P.G. Rao, 2000, pH Control System Based on Neuro Fuzzy Approach, A.M.S.E. Journal, 43 (3), pp.41-63.
[12]  Thyagarajan,T., J.Shanmugam, M.Ponnavaikko and R.C.Panda, 2000, Hybrid Intelligent Control Scheme for Air Heating System Using Fuzzy Logic & Genetic Algorithm, Drying Technol.,18 (1&2), pp.165-184.
[13]  Panda, R.C. and Cheng-Ching Yu, 2003, Analytical expressions for relay feedback responses, Journal of Process Control,13, pp. 489-501.
[14]  Panda, R.C., Cheng-Ching Yu and H.P. Huang, 2004,PID tuning rules for SOPDT systems : Review and some new results, ISA Transactions,43, pp.1-13.
[15]  Panda R.C. and Cheng-Ching Yu, 2005,Shape factor of relay response curves and its use in autotuning, J. Proc. Contrl., 15, pp. 893-906.
[16]  Panda R.C., S.B. Hong and Cheng-Ching Yu, 2006, An integrated approach to Smith predictor and PID controller, Ind. Engg. Chem. Res., 45, pp.1397-1407.
[17]  Panda R.C., 2006, Estimation of parameters of under-damped-second order plus dead-time systems, Comp. and Chem Engg Journal, 30, 5, pp. 832-37.
[18]  Selvakumar C, Bharati. S. and Panda R.C.,2006, Simple PI controllers for Multivariable Systems, Accepted for publication, AMSE(Association for Modelling an Simulation in Enterprise and Engineering) Journal on Advances in Modelling, series C-Automatic Control (May, 2006).
[19]  Selvakumar C, Bharati. S. and Panda R.C., 2008, A review of identification of transfer functions of multivariable systems, International Journal of Engineering Research & Application, 1 (IV), 55-81.
[20]  Lavanya K., Umamaheswari B. and Rames C. Panda, 2007, Digitally Realizable Control Schemes for DC-DC Converter, AMSE Journal, Vol. 62 no. 1, pp. 44-63, 2007.
[21]  Lavanya K., Umamaheswari B. and Rames C. Panda, 2008, Design of digital multi-rate controller using frequency domain analysis, Journal Circuits Systems and Computers, 17(4), 675-684.
[22]  Rames C. Panda, 2008, Synthesis of PID controller using desired closed loop criteria, I&EC Res., 47(22),1684-92.
[23]  Shobana, S. and Panda R.C., 2009, An Equivalent PID algorithm for a predictive control, Chem Prod & Proc Modeling, 4(1), Art. 29.
[24]  Rames C. Panda and Moses Tade, 2010, An Improved Smith predictor for control of multivariable & non-linear process, ICIC Exp Letters B, 1 (2), 1-5.
[25]  Rames C. Panda, 2009, Model based PI tuning rule with ultimate gain and phase margin criteria, Instrumentation Science & Technology, 37(5), 557-73.
[26]  Rames C. Panda, 2009, Synthesis of PID controller for unstable and integrating processes, Chem. Eng. Sci, 64 (12), 2807-16.
[27]  Selvakumar, C. and Panda, R C., Synthesis of a decoupler like interaction reducer for closed-loop control of multivariable systems, in press, AMSE, 2009.
[28]  Selvakumar, C. and Panda, R.C., Modelling the relay responses for multivariable systems, 52(4), Ind Chem Engr (Taylor & Francis), 2010.
[29]  R C Panda, V. Vijayan, V. Sujatha, P. Deepa, D. Manamali and A B Mandal, Parameter estimation of integrating and time delay processes using single relay feedback test, in press, ISA Transactions, 2011.
[30]  S. Sobana, A. Srinivasan and R C Panda, 2009, Controlling a pH process using Double controller scheme, Sensors & Transducers, 108(9),189-197.
[31]  Selvakumar C., Panda R C.Vijayan V, RA Ramanujam, A B mandal, 2010, Design of a decoupler for multi-input/output chemical processes, AMSE, modeling, automatic control, series C, 65 (1), 41-54.
[32]  S. Sobana and Rames C Panda, 2010, Identification, modeling and control of continuous reverse osmosis desalination process-A Review, Separation Sci & Tech. 46(4), 551-560.
[33]  A. Srinivasan and Rames C. Panda, 2010, Identification, Modelling, Quantification and Control of a Class of Nonlinear Systems-A Survey, Communicated to AMSE.
[34]  Rames C. Panda and Moses Tade, 2011, Modified Smith predictor with PID structure for control of multivariable processes, IJPSE, Vol.1, No 2, 197-214.
[35]  V. Sujatha and R C Panda, 2010, Modeling of Relay Responses of 2x2 Systems, Communicated to Can J Chem Eng.
[36]  Bharati M., Renganathan S., Selvakumar C, Vijayan V. and Panda R C,Autotuning of parallel cascade control using setpoint relay, 2010, IJCA (Spl Issue on Evolutionary Computation for optimization Techniques, ECOT), 57-61.
[37]  Panda R C and Rao P G, 2011, Automation of unit operations in tanning industry, IJCEA, 2(2), Apr., 112-116.
[38]  Rames C. Panda and H. Martin, "Modeling the Coating of Lactose on a Single Particle through Fluidized Bed Spray Granulation Process," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 5-7, 2011.
[39]  R C Panda, 2011, Reply to Comments on "Synthesis of PID controller for unstable and integrating processes" —Chemical Engineering Science 64 (2009) 2807-2816.
[40]  S. Sobana and Rames C Panda, 2011, Review on modelling and control of desalination system using reverse osmosis, Reviews in Sep Sci & Bio Tech. 10(2), 139-150.
[41]  Rames C. Panda, C L Rai, R A Ramanujam, P. Saravanan and V. Sivakumar, 2011, Abatement of Odour in Leather Industries, Accepted for publication Adv in CES.
[42]  Rames C Panda, 2011, Addition/Corrections in "Synthesis of PID Tuning Rule Using the Desired Closed-Loop Response", Ind. Eng Chem Res, 50(2), 1158.
[43]  S. Shobana and Rames C Panda, 2011, Control of pH process using double-control scheme, Nonlinear Dynamics, (doi:10.1007/s11071-011-0144-x).
[44]  V. Vijayan, C. Selvakumar and Rames C Panda, 2011, Setpoint filters for minimizing overshoot for low order processes, ICIC Express Letters, part B, applications, 2(4), Aug 2011.
[45]  Panda, R.C. and Ramachandra Rao, V.S., 1990, Adaptive Control Strategy for an Anerobic Digester, Ind. Chem. Engr., 15 (2), pp.30-36.
[46]  Panda, R.C., Yamuna Rani, K. Radhakrishnan, T.K. and Ramachanda Rao, V.S.,1991, Modelling of a Fluidized Bed Dryer for Digital Control, Ind. Journal of Technol., 29(2) pp. 71-76.
[47]  Dayananda Rao T., R.C. Panda and V.S. Ramachandra Rao, 1995, Estimation of Particle Moisture Contents from Temperature Measurements in a Fluidized Bed Dryer, Ind. Chem. Engr. 37(102), pp.22-26.
[48]  Mala A., R.C. Panda, T. Jaysingh and T. Thyagarajan, 1998, Model Predictive Control of a Multivaiable Process Using Neural Networks, Ind. Chem.Engr., Sec. A., 40 (1), Jan-Mar., 1998.
[49]  Malathy Jawahar, R.C.Panda and K M Meheta, Artificial Neural Networks for Recipe Formulation in Leather Dyeing, Information Technology-People's Development and Culture, Edited by C M Bhadari, Gupta, Chaubey, Allahabad, March 2003, PP.51-58.
[50]  Lavanya K., R. C. Panda and B. Umamaheswari, 2006, Identification of second order plus dead time systems using relay feedback test, Ind Chem Engr, A,48(2), 94-102.

Publications: Conferences/Workshops/Symposiums

[1]  Panda, R.C. and Ramachandra Rao. V.S. 1994, Model Based Control of a Control of a Continuous Fluidized Bed Dryer, 3rd IEEE Conference on Control Applications, Glassgow, U.K.
[2]  Panda, R C., A. Latha, S. Srikanth and P.G.RAo, 1995, Scheduling and Sequencing of Multiproduct Leather Processing with parallel Units-A computer Aided Approach, XXIII IULTCS Congress Internal Conference, May 15-20, Frierichshafen, Germany.
[3]  Panda, R.C., P.G.Rao, V.S. Ramachandra Rao and K.V. Raghavan, 1995, Control of a continuous Fluidized Bed Dryer Using Neural Nets, IEEE Conference on A&C'95, Hyderabad, India, 5-7 Jan. 1995.
[4]  Panda, R.C. and P.G. Rao, 1998, Sizing and Fault Detection of Flowmeter and Control Valves, EUFIT-98, Germany.
[5]  Malathy Jawahar, R.C. Panda and K.M. Meheta, 2000, Artificial Neural Networks for Recipe Formulation in Leather Dyeing, IULTCS Conference, South Africa.
[6]  Panda, R C, and Cheng-Ching Yu, 2002, Exact analytical expressions for relay feedback responses-Second order plus dead time processes, 4th Asian Control Conf., 25-27th Sept, Singapore.
[7]  M.V.V.Siva Prasad, R.C.Panda, P.G.Rao and R.C.Sastry, 2003, Studies on Plant Wide Control-Application to Recycle System, International Conference on Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering,Malaysia.
[8]  Lavanya K., Umamaheswari B. and Panda, R.C, 2006, System Identification and Controller Tuning Rule for Dc-DC Converter Using Ripple Voltage Wave Form, IEEE conference for Power Electronics, Drives and Energy systems for Industrial Growth-2006 (PEDES-2006), Dec 12-15, IIT Delhi, India.
[9]  Lavanya K., Umamaheswari B. and Panda, R.C, 2008, Synthesis of PI controller using gain and phase margin criteria, accepted for presentation, Int Conf for Numerical & Applied Math, Greece, Sept 16-20.
[10]  Sujatha V. and Panda RC, 2010, Modelling relay responses for 2x2 distillation columns, presented at TIMA-2011, 6-7 Jan 2011, Ceeri, Chennai.
[11]  Sujatha V, Panda RC and AB Mandal, 2011, Modelling relay responses of 2x2 Multivariable systems, IEEE Conf CCCA-2011, Tunisia, Mar 2011 (Oral Presentation) Ordinary Category.
[12]  Malathy Jawahar, R.C. Panda and K.M. Meheta, 2000, Artificial Neural Networks for Recipe Formulation in Leather Dyeing, Conference in Computer Science, Allahabad.
[13]  Panda, R.C., P.G. Rao and K.V. Raghavan, 1994, Fault Detection of a Sensor Using Neural Networks, IICT Golden Jubilee Symposium on Advances in Chemical Engineering, Aug. 9-11, Hyderabad, India.
[14]  Thyagarajan, T., R.C. Panda, P.G. Rao., J. Shanmugam and M. Ponnavaikko, 1997, Fuzzy Controller for Temperature Regulation of Drying. "Neural Networks & Fuzzy Systems, Proceedings of the National Conference, 23-25 Jul. 1997.
[15]  Yadagiri, P., R.C. Panda, B.V. Ramabrahmam, P.G. Rao, 1998, Management of Pollution at Source in Tanneries through the application of Process Control Systems, Chemcon98, Dec. 16-20, Andhra university, Visakhapattnam, India.
[16]  Ramakanth, N., R.C. Panda, T.Thyagarajan, P.G. Rao and R.C. Sastry,2000, Artificial Neural Network Based Controller for a Fermenter, Chemcon2000, IT5-IT7.
[17]  Panda, R.C. and P.G. Rao, Control of Temperature in a Fluidized Bed Coating Process, Chemcon 2001, CLRI, Chennai, 19-22nd Dec.
[18]  Panda, R.C., Strategies for removal of odor in wastewater in tannery, National conference, CRSYS04, IIT, Kharagpur, Aug 2004.
[19]  Panda,R.C., Control Techniques for Odor Reduction in Wastewater in Tannery, ChemCon 2004, IIT, Powai, Mumbai, Dec. 2004.
[20]  Panda, R C., K. Lavanya, and B. Uma Maheswari, 2005, Identification and Tuning of Under-damped Processes Using Relay Feedback, Presented at National Conf. ICECON 2005, 9-12 Dec., NIIT, Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India.
[21]  Panda R. C and Moses Tade, 2006, An improved smith predictor with pid structure for control of non-linear and multivariable processes, accepted for presentation at CHEMCON 2006, (Dec 27-30), Brauch, India.
[22]  Selvakumar C., Panda R.C. and Bharati M., 2007, Synthesis of a Multivariable Controller for Chemical Process, accepted for presentation at Chemcon 2007, Dec 27-30, Kolkata.
[23]  Richards J., Panda R.C. and Moses O Tade, 2007, Development of a Transient model for the Desalination of Sea/Brackish Water through Reverse Osmosis, accepted for presentation at Chemcon 2007, Dec 27-30, Kolkata.
[24]  K. Lavanya, B. UmaMaheswari, R C Panda and A. Srinivasan, Synthesis of PI tuning rule with ultimate gain & phase margin criteria, Chemcon 2008, 27-30 Dec, Chandigarh, India.
[25]  S. Sobana, A. Srinivasan and Rames C. Panda, 2009, Controlling a pH process using double controller scheme, TIMA 2009, Anna Univ., MIT Campus, 03-05 Jan, 2009.
[26]  V. Vijayan, C. Selvakumar, Rames C. Panda and Atanu Panda, Estimation of transfer function models of TITO multivariable processes, TIMA 2009, Anna Univ., MIT Campus, 03-05 Jan, 2009.
[27]  Deepa, S, Mamamali,D, Panda R C, Liquid Level Control in a Spherical Tank, Chemcon 2009, College of Engg, Andhra Univ, Vizag, AP.
[28]  Sujatha V., Vijayan V., Deepa S. and Rames C. Panda, Parameter estimation and control of integrating and double integrating processes with dead time using relay feed back, Chemcon 2010, AnnaMalai University. Dec 27-31.
[29]  Sobana Subramani, Srinivasan, A. and Rames C. Panda, Mathematical modelling of Desalination Process using Reverse Osmosis, Chemcon 2010, AnnaMalai University. Dec 27-31 Ordinary Category.
[30]  Selvakumar,C, and Panda R.C., 2005, A PID controller tuning for a higher order system, presented at workshop: Process Modelling and Simulation, 2 nd Aug, 2005, St. Josephs College of Engineering, Chennai-119, India.
[31]  Selvakumar, C, and Panda R.C., 2005, Identification of parameters of a higher order process using artificial neural network methods, Presented at workshop : Advances in Control & Instrumentation, 03 rd Aug 2005, St Josephs College of Engineering, Chennai 119, India.
[32]  Panda, R C., 2005, An Improved Identification and Tuning Method for Underdamped Processes, Short term training programme, SRM Institute of Science & Technology, Chennai Nov.22-26, 2005.