Michael James Ungs

Three discoveries of profound significance are described using three-dimensional aerodynamic theory of compressible flow in unbounded domains with a fixed-to-body reference frame and cylindrical-polar coordinates. The first discovery demonstrates how special relativity expressions are obtainable from within the formulation of the steady-rotating source problem. The second follows from developing a conservative, induced velocity body force for curved filament vortices when simulating a harmonic-oscillating source that rotates and translates along its centerline. The third demonstrates how the focusing (0+2) cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation is exactly contained within the associated convected wave equation for a source that is rotating, translating, and oscillating.

]]>Vasil Angelov

In a previous paper we have derived a new form of the radiation term without changing the Dirac physical assumptions. We have showed also that the fourth Dirac equation is a consequence of the first three ones, that implies the Dirac system is not overdetermined *–* three equations for three unknown functions. Here we replace the Dirac local expansions with nonlocal formulation of the problem. So we have obtained a system of first order neutral differential equations with respect to the unknown velocities containing both retarded and advanced arguments. Since the accelerator theory relies on the Dirac-Lorentz equation the obtained periodic solutions can be applied directly to the study of betatron equation.

Doron Kwiat

An 11-dimensions super universe is suggested here. It is made of (at least) two 4-dimensional universes. One of them is our own universe. A complete description of both universes requires 11 dimensions. 4 in each and additional 3 to describe their relative positions with respect to each other. Each universe is composed of Fermions and Bosons. The super universe has one field in common, namely the gravitation field which makes the fabric of it all. Curvatures in this fabric are the source for gravitational attraction forces between masses. Unlike gravitation, Fermions and Bosons are confined to their 4-dimensional universe. Based on momentum conservation, it is assumed that at the Big Bang instant, two universes were created simultaneously. Assuming two universes (ours and the parallel one) that are completely "blind" to each other except for gravity, allows, based on the confinement assumption, to suggest a model according to which the two parallel universes coexist, without one being aware of the other. Only gravitation can affect each other. This explains dark and gray matter as a consequence of overlapping universes. This work is an attempt to explain the connection between 4-dimensional elementary particles, gravitation, and 11-dimensions string theory particles, and the origin of dark matter.

]]>Greg Poole

In this paper, the solar system has been visualized as an electrostatic motor for the research of scientific concepts. The Earth and space have all been represented as spherical capacitors to derive time constants from simple RC theory. Using known wave impedance values (R) from antenna theory and celestial capacitance (C) several time constants are derived which collectively represent time itself. Equations from Electro Relativity are verified using known values and constants to confirm wave impedance values are applicable to the earth antenna. Dark energy can be represented as a tremendous capacitor voltage and dark matter as characteristic transmission line impedance. Cosmic energy transfer may be limited to the known wave impedance of 377 Ω. Harvesting of energy wirelessly at the Earth’s surface or from the Sun in space may be feasible by matching the power supply source impedance to a load impedance. Separating the various the three fields allows us to see how high-altitude lightning is produced and the earth maintains its atmospheric voltage. Spacetime, is space and time, defined by the radial size and discharge time of a spherical or toroid capacitor.

]]>Niranjan Bhatia

The Cosmological Lithium Problem centers on the fact that astronomers have been unable to reconcile the abundance of lithium produced from Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) with the actual abundances measured in very old stars. The abundance of 7Li is higher by a factor of 3 when calculated theoretically via the Standard Model compared to the abundance found in the universe. It is an unresolved issue in the BBN research. Since the observed 7Li abundance calculations have been done very accurately, and the discrepancy cannot be due to astrophysical uncertainties, it is now confirmed that the physics of the Standard Model cannot solve this discrepancy. To solve the problem, we need to look at physics Beyond the Standard Model (BSM). In this simulation, we will use sensitivity analysis to explore the impact of BSM physics on the 7Li primordial abundance. This will allow us to determine the effect of dark matter on the Cosmological Lithium Problem. The sensitivity analysis will be done using the publicly available AlterBBN simulation software. BSM approaches include variations in dark density, dark entropy, reheating, neutrino numbers, extra neutrino species, initial temperature, and mass and chemical potential of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) including Majorana Fermions, Dirac Fermions, Real Scalar Bosons, and Complex Scalar Bosons. Using the BSM model, at a lower initial temperature, an increase of extra neutrino species or the combined impact of WIMPs and extra neutrino species results in a significant decrease in 7Li abundance and brings its value within 1.88 times the observed value of 1.58 ± 0.31 * 10^{-10}. It was found that at a lower initial temperature, increasing the number of relativistic degrees of freedom (defined in terms of extra neutrino species) or its combined impact with WIMPs results in a significant decrease in the 7Li primordial abundance. But this solution to the Cosmological Lithium Problem needs further investigation from a nuclear astrophysics perspective.

Greg Poole

Schumann Resonant currents are known to exist in the Earth’s cavity. By representing these resonant currents throughout the inner Earth, it is shown through string wave calculations that tension exists between the center of the Earth and the surface of the Earth. Using known facts of the Earth it is possible to calculate Schumann resonance or conversely, insert measured resonance values and calculate tension. The known parameters and the measured values of resonance suggest that there exists wave tension, which acts as an electromechanical connection or “string” between the center of the Earth and all things on the surface of the Earth. It is concluded that naturally occurring Extremely Low Frequency waves penetrate everything living and nonliving on the Earth, thus providing a resonant connection which creates tension, more commonly referred to as gravity (g). Curiously, calculations indicate that the speed of light may be a 3^{rd} harmonic of 1 x 10^{8} m/s.

Greg Poole

Based on new data pertaining to the covalent bond length of H_{2} a new theory on the origin of Newtons Constant is proposed. This paper intends to answer the question of the mechanism in nature that creates Newton Constant and how information about this number is transmitted throughout the universe. The aim is to redefine Newton Constant from an intrinsic constant to an actual constant based on imperial measurement. Using updated data sets from the Cambridge Crystallographic Data base a comparison is made to dated bond lengths of Hydrogen. The bond length of hydrogen over the decades is then averaged to obtain an average length, which is then compared to the known value of Newtons Constant. The results of this comparison are less than 1% error. It is concluded, that since the universe is made up of 71% hydrogen, that Newtons Constant is in actuality a universal radio transmission based on a reoccurring wavelength created by an unlimited number of H_{2} bonds. It is also concluded that H_{2} is just one molecule of a hydrogen Fibonacci sequence that extends to H_{377}, a primary molecular bond needed in elemental protein, a building block of life in the universe.

Maciej Rybicki

A thought experiment concerning specific case of length contraction demonstrates inconsistency of the Special Theory of Relativity (STR). When two extended objects in the mutual relative motion occupy the same area in spacetime (e.g. elevator moving in the elevator shaft; here considered in 2D representation), then Lorentz transformation appears generally unable to handle this situation in a self-consistent way. Namely, transformation from either elevator or shaft rest frames to the observer’s rest frame, non-collinear with the direction of relative motion between the said objects, leads to a contradiction. This happens because the elevator and shaft are subject to the Lorentz length contraction along two different directions in plane, due to different directions of their motion in the observer’s frame. In result, they no longer match each other in this frame. A direct cause of this contradiction is the resulting from the principle of relativity concept of relative motion, regarded as the source of “relativistic” effects. The revealed inconsistency, to which the name “elevator-shaft paradox” is assigned, makes necessary replacing STR by a different theory based on the postulate of preferred frame of reference and the related concepts of absolute rest and absolute motion. The relevant Preferred Frame Theory (PFT) is discussed, with the particular focus on partial experimental equivalence between PFT and STR. The proposed theory predicts an invariant hierarchy of energy, which opens up new prospects for the sought theory of quantum gravity.

]]>Nelson Blackie

This study shows that Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity is not a complete theory of reality. The theory used non-uniform experiments; thus, its final conclusions are inconsistent with each other. The most obvious of these is the prediction of a positive correlation between mass and speed (*mass increment*). This allows the possibility for both the kinetic and potential energies of a system in motion to increase simultaneously (since the system gains mass and hence potential energy). On this grand, the study proposed a new theory (or provides corrections in Einstein’s theory). Then, these corrections were used to show that *(1):* *Entangle particles exist in nature as a result of relative motion; (2): matter and wave are dual entity of each other, and (3): because of the law of conservation, space dilation is a valid consequence of relative motion just as time dilation is a valid consequence of relativity. *

Prince Jessii

A progress from space equations which delivered the nature of space for planetary bodies in our solar system. This paper goes on to reveal the complete nature of space which is associated with time(space-time) and it presents a theory together with its equations to show how time moves according to the nature of space. The nature of space differs in each planetary body of mass and this results into different outcomes in each of the bodies in relation with time.

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